Grooming

When washing the face, we use a tearless puppy shampoo to protect their eyes.  The shampoo is followed by a conditioner.  We use Chris Christensen http://www.chrissystems.com/ shampoos, combs and brushes.  Dry your dog thoroughly with a towel and then brush or comb out gently. We prefer a natural Rastafarian look with the Bolonka, allow your dog to air dry naturally in a warm place and then comb them out.


Feet and Nails


In order to prevent knots of hair from forming between the pads of the feet, the hair should be trimmed with a round-tipped pair of scissors. For a well-groomed appearance, the hair around the nails should also be trimmed. When trimming nails, you may use a nail clipper or a file. Just be sure to trim a little nail at a time to make sure you don't hit the quick. Hitting the quick will cause bleeding and is quite painful for the dog. Talk soothingly to your pet to keep him/her calm and unafraid. It is helpful to do this following bathing as the nail will be softer and less prone to cracking. You can also wrap the pup loosely in a towel, head out, to keep them calm and just bring out the foot being worked on.


Ear Cleaning


Be very careful and gentle when cleaning ears.  Use a soft piece of cotton with a powdered or liquid ear cleaner.  Pluck the hairs from the ear with your fingers or a 'Michelangelo Sculpting Stones' from www.chrissystems.com.  This is intended as a preventative measure to keep an unobstructed canal so that ear wax may be discharged freely.


Teeth


Brush your dog's teeth once a week with a toothbrush and a dog toothpaste. This will help keep your dog's gums and teeth healthy and strong. A well-groomed dog is a happy dog, so keep your Bolonka beautiful and healthy.

                                                   

Tear Staining


Sometimes dogs can get stains around their eyes. There are several reasons for this. First, it can be genetic. Dogs can be born with narrow tear ducts or extra eyelashes that curl under and rub the eye. The actual staining is caused from red yeast in your dog's system. There are products that targets red yeast. These products can be added to your pet's food daily to stop the staining.


Other causes of staining are teething, food, allergies, or ear infections. Puppies cut teeth up to 8 months. This may cause pressure on the tear ducts. Just like a human baby, where teething can cause runny noses and excessive tearing, so it does in a puppy. You need to be patient. This too, will pass.  


We have discovered that the number one culprit has been food. We do not feed our dogs food that contains wheat, corn, or food coloring because these can cause allergies. Limit Chicken. Remember, dogs are carnivores. If your dog is an adult dog that has had no previous tearing, and suddenly begins tearing, see your vet to check for ear infections and tooth problems. Even though tear staining can occur, it is solvable.



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Bathing


Not everyone agrees as to how often a dog should be bathed.  A good rule of thumb is once a month.  You can of course, bathe a little more often or less often, according to your preference. Even when your dog gets wet or a bit dirty after an extended time outside, many times when you towel dry them and then brush them out, they look great. When you do bathe your dog, make sure the water is not too hot or cold but tepid.  A hose attachment is quite handy for thoroughly wetting and rinsing the coat.  Apply shampoo and work it into a good lather.  Wash the head last so water isn't dripping into your pet's eyes while you are working on the rest of the body. Try to avoid getting water into the ear canal and especially the eyes. A cotton ball in each ear works well or hold the ears down with one hand while washing with your other hand.